Updated: May 23
Teak wood is a popular choice for outdoor furniture, decks, and other woodworking projects due to its natural beauty and durability. However, to maintain the beauty and durability of teak wood, it is important to know how to finish it properly. Not many people know how to apply a finish to teak wood. In this essay, we will discuss the different types of finishes available for teak wood and the best techniques for applying them.
First, it is essential to note that finishes depend on user preference and the intended use of the teak. In many cases, if the use is highly specific, such as marine decking maintenance, it is best to talk to professionals in that industry for recommendations. However, as a rule, plantation teak is generally easier to finish and glue than old-growth teak due to the lower concentration of oils in the wood.
The natural beauty of teak wood can be left untouched, and the wood will still be well protected by its natural oils. However, if exposed to sunlight, the teak will weather to a silver color over time. This silver color can be scrubbed or sanded out if it is not desired. If the wood is still new and has not yet been exposed to sunlight, it can be protected with oils such as teak, linseed, or tung oil. Another option is to use a commercial penetrating oil like Watco Oil, which can be found in any hardwood store. It is a good choice but will slightly darken the wood. These oils will need to be reapplied periodically to prevent the wood from weathering and silvering.
Another option to protect teak wood against natural weathering is to apply a sealer. However, it's important to note that if a sealer is applied, the wood should not be oiled as the sealer will prevent the oil from absorbing and will likely reduce the effectiveness of the sealer. Stains can also be applied to teak wood, but a semi-transparent stain is recommended to preserve the natural texture and grain of the wood. Before staining, the wood should be sanded with 220-grit sandpaper, and then a commercial sealer should be applied with a rag. Allow the sealer to dry and then lightly sand again with 220-grit sandpaper. This will reduce any blotchy pigment absorption by the wood. Teak wood is naturally water resistant, but a sealer will provide additional protection against water damage.
Another option is to use a clear coat or varnish on teak wood. This will not only protect the wood from weathering but will also enhance the natural color and grain of the wood. When using a clear coat or varnish, it is important to use a high-quality product and apply it according to the manufacturer's instructions. It is also important to note that a clear coat or varnish will require more maintenance than an oil or sealer, as it will need to be reapplied periodically to maintain its effectiveness.
It is important to note that when finishing teak wood, it is best to test the finish on a small area before applying it to the entire surface. This will allow you to see how the finish will look and how it will affect the color and texture of the wood before committing to a larger application.
In conclusion, there are several options for finishing teak wood, including oils, sealers, stains, and clear coats. The best option will depend on the intended use of the wood and personal preference. It is important to note that any finish will require some maintenance to maintain its effectiveness and protect the wood from weathering. To get the best results, it is recommended to consult with professionals or to test the finish on a small area before applying it to the entire surface.